Research activities

Implementing the research programming instruments provided for in the CNR's Organisational and Operating Regulations, in art. 21 (ex art. 42 of the previous regulation), the institute organizes its activities in project areas and projects as required by art. 24 (ex Article 44) of that regulation.

The research lines that replace the orders required by the previous order are shown below.

Coordinator: Salvatore Capasso

Abstract

The Mediterranean is an area of relations between countries with strong differences in growth, economic development and democracy. Thus, as in a microcosm, the Mediterranean region reflects the great challenges of the new millennium: population growth, unemployment, migration, reform of welfare policies, combating poverty, the effects of climate change, and the management of conflicts over the control of natural resources in the southern and eastern sides of the basin. Institutions and the quality of governance play a central role in tackling these challenges because corruption, rent-seeking positions, the presence of a public administration incapable of guaranteeing transparency, equity and equal social and gender opportunities, hinder growth and socio-economic development in all Mediterranean countries. Similarly, the functioning of real and financial markets in the area differs from country to country and from region to region, resulting in great disparities in the efficiency with which businesses operate and markets allocate resources, and conversely, strong sector and product specialisations. However, these disparities also represent great opportunities for trade and growth for all countries in the region. The line's research activity analyses, on a broad scale, the governance and institutional processes in the Mediterranean countries and their intersections with the mechanisms that regulate the functioning of markets and individual enterprises. With the ultimate aim of highlighting the limits to the development of the countries on the southern and eastern shores and suggesting recipes for revitalising the anaemic growth of the countries on the northern shore, the line's activities are part of the ongoing debate on the need to rethink governance in the Mediterranean, with particular reference to Community policies, the reduction of territorial gaps and security.

Objectives

The line aims, at a macroeconomic level, to study the processes of institution building and the functioning of markets in the countries of the area, and at a microeconomic level, to verify how the optimal choices of market operators, firms and individuals, are influenced by specific institutional and governance factors. Therefore, while on the one hand the line's activities are aimed at studying, among other things, the political and institutional reforms taking place within the Mediterranean countries, the impact of these on the economic-social systems, social and territorial cohesion policies, and the functioning of national and local institutions, on the other hand, the activities aim to analyse how these factors influence the functioning of the markets, and consequently the strategic choices of businesses and consumers. In particular, research activities focus on the study of problems related to logistics and the implementation of new technologies in key sectors such as health. The ultimate aim is to contribute to the design of effective and socially balanced intervention policies. In fact, through an interdisciplinary and holistic approach, research also focuses on issues of welfare and social utility. In order to identify the factors behind migratory movements in the region, the line studies demographic transition, the labour market, welfare reform policies and poverty alleviation. The problem of poverty in the Mediterranean is analysed not in a strictly economic sense, but as exclusion from opportunities (education, work, health protection) that affects transversally territorial areas, social groups and less protected categories, such as young people and women. A central aspect of the research is the analysis of the role of the environment in development processes. Climate change, soil degradation and water shortages are factors that are bound to affect the growth prospects of countries in the area, affect the living conditions of the poorest and most vulnerable populations and fuel migration flows. A geopolitical focus is devoted to natural resource management policies and the conflict between North African and Middle Eastern countries in relation to the strategic objective of water and food security.

Activities

The research activities are developed through the construction of theoretical models and empirical investigations based on aggregated data, surveys and on-the-field analyses. Specifically, the activities of the line are the following collection and processing of socio-economic data on the countries of the Mediterranean basin; studies on the transformations of the Mediterranean economies in historical and contemporary perspective; analysis of the framework of European cohesion policies; analysis of the evolution of the European Union's Euro-Mediterranean policy; research on the demographic, political and economic transition in the countries of North Africa and the Middle East; study of the socio-economic and cultural impact of migrations in the Mediterranean area; studies on environmental governance with particular reference to climate change and strategies for preventing and combating environmental risks; geopolitical focus on conflicts for the control of natural resources in relation to the strategic objective of water and food security. The activities are also of a dissemination nature: the research line is active in the organisation of conferences and themed workshops and collaborates with schools and institutional bodies for policy development.

Themes

The themes addressed are many and interconnected. The main research themes are listed below:
analysis of the role that institutions and governance processes have on market balances and resource allocation in the economic system;
political arrangements and market equilibria;
internationalisation, innovation and entrepreneurship;
determinants of economic growth and development;
human capital and migration;
social cohesion and welfare policies;
logistics and transport;
health economics;
new technologies and digitisation processes;
Euro-Mediterranean partnership and strengthening territorial governance;
geopolitics of resources

Contacts and collaborations

There are many contacts with universities, institutions and research centres: Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Istituto di Studi sulla Politica Internazionale (ISPI), Centro Studi Politica Internazionale (CeSPI), University of Salerno, University of Bari, University of Catanzaro, University of Tor Vergata, University of Federico II, University of Bologna, University of Naples Parthenope, Sudi e Ricerche per il Mezzogiorno (SRM), École des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Institut de Prospective Economique du Monde Méditerranéen (IPEMED), Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI), Institut de la Mediterranée (IeMed), Economic Research Forum (ERF). Participation in Mediterranean research networks: Forum Euroméditerranéen des instituts de Sciences Economiques (FEMISE), EuroMeSCo (the Euro-Mediterranean Study Commission), Sustainable Development Solution Network (SDSN), Euro-Mediterranean University (EMUNI), Union of Mediterranean Universities (UNIMED), International Federation for Sustainable Development and Poverty Alleviation in the Mediterranean-Black Sea (FISPMED).

Main collective research products

In addition to numerous individual and group works in journals and books, the line produces several periodical products including the Mediterranean Economies Report and a database on Mediterranean countries in collaboration with the UfM and the Forum Euromediterranéen des Instituts des Sciences Economiques (FEMISE).

Coordinator: Gabriella Corona

Abstract

Reflections on the Anthropocene as a new opportunity to redefine the organisation of knowledge in the face of the changing human capacity to intervene in the mechanisms that regulate the functioning of the entire planet have taken shape over the last two decades as one of the greatest scientific and political issues of our time. The Anthropocene as a difficult and complex issue that places the fate of the Earth system at the centre of international public debate requires an equally complex and articulated scientific and technological, social, cultural and political response. The contribution of the human and social sciences is still undervalued and generally undervalued, even though their area of competence is considered central in the formation of values and ethical principles, in the elaboration of decisions and public interventions.
With this project, which focuses on environmental history, we intend to take up the challenge that the debate on the Anthropocene has also thrown down to history. That is, the challenge of adapting its epistemological status to a new social demand for knowledge based on the need to explain the ways in which the processes through which mankind has become one of the main agents of transformation of the ecological and geological cycles that characterise the functioning of the Earth system have taken shape. The period between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was a timeframe in which the human capacity to shape the environment, although initiated in previous centuries, experienced an extraordinary and unprecedented acceleration due to population growth, the widespread use of fossil fuels, the growth of economic variables, and industrialisation.
What differentiates the environmental history of this historical period from previous phases is the scale on which the transformations that have affected the environment are taken into consideration, which becomes planetary and involves the entire Earth System. Along with the scale, the ecological history of the last two centuries is also characterised by its intensity, the extraordinary acceleration that has led to an increase in variables such as population, energy consumption and income. It is in this context that the choice of looking at humanity as a whole as the main historical subject is justified. However, this does not alter the fact that ecological history is the fruit of social, economic, political and cultural models of production and consumption made possible by a condition of resource abundance. It is therefore a visual angle that requires an interweaving between the history of nature and the history of socio-economic systems, and while taking human beings as the main historical subject to be observed, it cannot ignore the analysis of social and territorial inequalities. The researches that are part of the project, while focusing on Italy in particular and, more generally, on the Mediterranean countries, elaborate interpretative schemes and reading keys that assume a broader value applicable to other places and other contexts.

Objectives

The work of the research line is aimed at obtaining publications in national and international journals of particular prestige, participating in scientific congresses and conferences, contributing to the elaboration of competitive and non-competitive research projects, promoted by national and European institutions. The research aims at strengthening ISMED's presence within the international network of centres active on the topic and at strengthening contacts with local public institutions in order to offer advice and support in policy choices. In addition, the line's researchers are building relationships with a number of universities in order to transfer the contents and results of their activities into courses of study and teaching. The project aims to respond to increasingly strong needs that are emerging in the public debate and in the scientific community, in identifying pathways to build a sustainable and inclusive society.

Activities

The research activities envisaged are manifold: collection and processing of data taken from official statistics; documentation taken from newspapers and scientific journals; sources and documents in international, national and local archives; interviews with different types of actors and stakeholders on issues relating to the period after the Second World War; national regulations and legislative material; trial sources in judicial institutions; documentation collected from private and corporate archives.

Themes

The themes of the research project have as their common denominator the analysis of the historical processes through which the human capacity to intervene in the ecological and geological mechanisms that regulate the functioning of the Earth system has grown over a period of time that begins at the end of the 18th century and continues to the present day. Many of the project's research activities are the natural evolution of previous projects that represent ISMed's research capital in this field and that have focused in recent years on the reconstruction of the processes through which today's environmental problems have taken shape. The topics on which the research focuses most are the following:1) the constitution of the technosphere and the transformation of urban systems: pollution, waste disposal, exploitation of the subsoil; 2) the environmental and social implications of the artificialisation of agricultural practices and livestock farming; 3) the energy transition: transition to fossil fuels, development of the hydroelectric industry, nuclear energy; 4) natural and anthropogenic disasters; 5) the historical roots of ecological transition: drives and resistances: new forms of energy, new materials, role of consumption; 5) climate change and its effects: urban areas, effects on biodiversity, conflicts over resources, environmental migration; 6) environmental policies between Europe and Italy; 7) environmentalism and protectionism.

Main collaborations

The research group leading the project collaborates with the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society of Munich, the Department of Culture, Politics and Society of the University of Turin, the Department of Humanities of the University of Catania, the Department of Humanistic Studies of the University of Naples Federico II, the Department of Management of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Systems of the University of Florence, the Research Centre "Territory, Health and Environment" of the University of Catania, the journal of history and social sciences "Meridiana".

Main collective products

As far as collective products are concerned, the editorial activity continues from which the "Global Environment. A Journal of Transdisciplinary History", the four-monthly international journal promoted and produced within ISMED in collaboration with the Rachel Carson Center in Munich and published by the English publisher The White Horse Press, continues its editorial activity.

Coordinator: Paola Avallone

Abstract

Mediterranean and Southern Italy is an area whose geographical and historical characteristics have made and continue to make it an extraordinary crossroads of cultural, political, religious and economic identities. According to some historians, the socio-economic divide between northern and southern Italy has remote roots, perhaps dating back to Norman times, and has evolved into the process of national unification. In reality, in the last few decades, the historiography that has challenged the interpretative categories of the disparity and the consequent axioms has been much more fruitful in terms of knowledge, overcoming the clichés of the 'Mezzogiorno' and proposing the existence of several Mezzogiornos as composite realities. Hence, the need to investigate its role in an articulated and dynamic scenario such as the Mediterranean one. Therefore, with a view to a renewed sense of complexity, the researchers involved in the research project intend to examine socio-cultural and economic processes from the late Middle Ages to the contemporary age, conducting macro and micro analyses on social, cultural and economic issues, in a comparative and long-term perspective, placing the development of these realities in a broad frame of reference. Historical studies tout court and the historical analysis of economic, sociological, landscape, settlement and urban characteristics, aimed at enhancing territorial identity through cultural heritage, are part of this investigative requirement.

Objectives

The project stems from solid historiographic strands and a fertile and topical debate. On this background, one of the objectives of the researchers is to overcome the heuristic limits of the categories of 'gap' and 'disparity', as well as the more worn out topoi about the 'Mezzogiorno'. Assuming a broad historical horizon of Mediterranean and European relations, the project intends to bring out the distinctive features of the 'Mezzogiorno' in the Mediterranean and in the Italian peninsula itself, combining historical-economic, social and cultural research of a macro and micro nature, through the use and exploitation of original and unpublished documentation (examination of sources, bibliographic research and archive surveys).

Activities

The research activity focuses on the investigation and analysis of the historical processes characterising the territory of southern Italy and its historical role in the greater Mediterranean area, from a comparative and long-term perspective (late Middle Ages - contemporary age). In this framework, specific consideration is given to: the economy and policies of peninsular and insular maritime territories; public intervention and economic and fiscal policies; the role of institutions in southern society; public health, welfare and charity systems in the Mezzogiorno as a model at the basis of modern welfare; the formation of human capital and school-educational structures; health control in the maritime context and epidemics; credit and commercial societies. Similarly, special attention is paid to the processes of female exclusion/inclusion; to the communities and cultural traditions of Italian communities historically present also in other countries on the Northern and Southern shores of the Mediterranean; to the material/immaterial cultural heritage of the Euro-Mediterranean regions as a tool for achieving sustainable community development. Fundamental to the performance of the above activities is the use of innovative information storage and management processes in terms of digital transition for data representation, formalisation of research phases and dissemination techniques of results.

Themes

Dealing with a multiplicity of aspects, the project aims at analysing, with historical, economic and social methods, the complex events of the economic and social development of Southern Italy and other disadvantaged areas of the Mediterranean in relation to their relationship with richer areas and with the Mediterranean as a whole. More specifically, the project intends to investigate the following issues: 1) analysis of the transformation of institutions in the long term with particular attention to regional realities and social, economic and territorial identities; 2) study of the modernisation processes of production sectors and market structure; 3) analysis of human resources, innovation and the labour market; 4) gender studies with regard to geographical, economic and cultural mobility; 5) the conservation and enhancement of the historical-cultural heritage of cities as a driving force for the economic development of certain geographical areas (collective memory, cultural identity of Mediterranean cities; representation, organisation, promotion of historical and interest centres).

Contacts and collaborations

State Archives of Naples, Istituto Banco Napoli - Fondazione (Naples), Italian Institute for Philosophical Studies (Naples), University of S. Orsola Benincasa (Naples). Orsola Benincasa University (Naples), University of Naples - L'Orientale, University of Molise (Campobasso), University of Cassino, University of Bari, Scuola Normale Superiore (Pisa), Fondazione - Istituto Internazionale di Storia Economica "Francesco Datini" (Prato), Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e di Ravenna (Bologna), Centro Interdipartimentale di Studi Europei e Mediterranei dell'Università di Trieste (CISEM), École des Hautes études en sciences sociales françaises (EHEES) (Rome), Maison Méditerranéenne des Sciences de l'Homme (MMSH) (Aix-en-Provence), National Hellenic Research Foundation (NHRF) (Athens), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (Spain); Museo del Mare (Bagnoli - Naples); Museo del Mare di Bagnoli; Istituto Centrale per i Beni sonori ed audiovisivi (Rome); Institute of History, State and Law of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova (Chisinau - Moldova); Associazione Forum Scuole Storiche di Napoli

Main collective research products

Essays in collective volumes; articles in nationally and internationally recognised journals; participation in projects, in collaboration with national and international institutions, periodical publication in open access in the series Strumenti e documenti per la storia del Mezzogiorno; organisation of the annual Seminar of Doctoral Studies in History and Economics of Mediterranean countries (secc. XIV-XIX); production of video-mapping and digital archival repertories.

Coordinator: Michele Colucci

Abstract

The research activity aims to investigate the phenomenon of migration starting from the methodology and tools of history, with particular attention to the contemporary age. Deepening the historical dimension of migratory phenomena allows to give back with greater depth the way in which societies have been invested by the impact of territorial mobility. The space from which the research activity moves is that of the Mediterranean basin, with particular attention to the role of Italy, considered as a place of departure, arrival, transit, return of migratory experiences. The migratory phenomena that are mostly taken into consideration are:

  • the flows coming from the Mediterranean and directed towards continental Europe and transoceanic destinations, considering the season of colonialism, the great migrations of the late modern age, the mass migrations of the contemporary age
  • flows within the Mediterranean area, both those within regions and states and those due to the movement from the south to the north of the Mediterranean or between neighbouring countries
  • immigration from outside the Mediterranean, with particular attention to the migratory phenomena developed in the period from the end of the Second World War to the present day
  • return migrations, conceived in their most extensive meaning and therefore not as simple returns to the homeland but as real migratory experiences

Objectives

The framework within which the research activity is proposed is oriented towards convergence in an integrated perspective of the study of different migratory phenomena, which over time have often appeared side by side in the same places. The case-study of the Mediterranean countries (both north and south) is in this regard extremely rich in cues and perspectives, especially in the years between the mid-twentieth century and today, since in countries such as Italy but also Spain, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey, emigration, internal migration and return migration coexist and stratify simultaneously. Within the deepening of the different migratory flows, particular emphasis is placed on the dynamics related to the impact of migration from the point of view of policies and the labour market. The objectives in summary can be traced back to 5 horizons:

  • to strengthen research on the origins, evolution, transformations and impact of migration through the publication of journals, essays, monographic volumes, collective works, research reports, works published in a digital environment, participation in dictionaries and encyclopaedias, school and university manuals, and specialist works reserved for professional categories.
  • Stimulate research on the history of migration by promoting and organizing national and international conferences, higher education schools, doctoral courses, seminars, volume presentations.
  • include the history of migration within the training for public officials, social workers, trade union officials, employees of private companies interested in the topic for professional reasons
  • to promote the dissemination and dissemination of scientific content in wider public contexts such as libraries, schools, festivals, museums, mass media such as radio, television, web, online social platforms
  • cooperate actively with national and international research institutions such as universities, public and private bodies, foundations, etc.

Activities

  • comparative analysis of migratory flows in Mediterranean countries in contemporary times with a view to integrating available sources
  • comparative analysis of migration policies in Mediterranean countries in contemporary times
  • mapping and valorisation of historical sources for the reconstruction of migratory phenomena in Mediterranean countries in contemporary times
  • reconstruction of short-, short- and long-haul mobility experiences in contemporary Mediterranean countries, with particular attention to urbanisation phenomena and seasonal movements
  • comparative analysis of labour markets in Mediterranean countries in the contemporary age with particular attention to the dynamics of recruitment and placement of migrant labour
  • comparative analysis of the forms of territorial settlement of migrant populations in Mediterranean countries in contemporary times
  • chronological analysis of migratory flows in the Mediterranean countries in relation to the main periods identified by historiography
  • analysis of gender differences in the evolution of migratory phenomena in Mediterranean countries
  • analysis of internal and international migratory flows starting from the stratification of the generations involved
  • elaboration of high-profile scientific products
  • organisation of national and international conferences and seminars
  • development of training and refresher courses
  • organisation of public meetings for dissemination and diffusion
  • carrying out in-depth studies on behalf of national and international institutions

Topics

The issues addressed can be traced back to eight strands:

  • The history of foreign immigration in Italy, with particular regard to the period between 1945 and the present day.
  • internal migration in Italy and the Mediterranean countries: analysis, evolution, specificity, caesuras and continuity from the modern age to the present day
  • emigration from Italy and southern Europe to foreign countries at the same time: flows, policies, work, origins and consequences
  • the history of migration and mobility in the Mediterranean from antiquity to the present: the construction of routes and approaches in the long term
  • urbanization, cities, settlement and transformations in the context of the Mediterranean in contemporary age
  • international migration and global dimension at the same time
  • migrations and the history of work in contemporary age
  • the history of migration policies in contemporary age

Collaborations

The working group has numerous collaborations with institutions, research bodies, universities, foundations, just to mention a few: Master's Degree in Immigration and Public Policies for Reception and Integration University Federico II of Naples, Centre for Cultural Processing MoMi (Mobility and Migration) University L'Orientale of Naples, Foundation Centre for Emigration Studies, Italian Society of Labour History, Department of Linguistic-Literary, Historical-Philosophical and Legal Studies University of Tuscia, Alsos Foundation, National Museum of Italian Emigration, Italian and European Forum for Research on Immigration, Altreitalie Centre, Migrantes Foundation, Dedalus Cooperative, Associazione studi giuridici sull'immigrazione, Biblioteche di Roma, Fondazione Golinelli, Unione forense per i diritti umani, Mitecube Srl, Società italiana di demografia storica, Associazione italiana studi di popolazione, Dipartimento Scienze Politiche Università Federico II di Napoli, Dipartimento scienze umane e sociali Università L'Orientale di Napoli, Dipartimento Civiltà e forme del sapere Università di Pisa, Laboratorio di storia delle migrazioni Università Modena e Reggio Emilia, Istituto nazionale Ferruccio Parri - Rete degli istituti per la storia della resistenza e dell'età contemporanea. In 2020 the Research Unit at third parties was established by Ismed CNR and Biblioteche di Roma with the research project "History of migrations: research and dissemination".
Updates and materials produced are visible on the website:
www.roma150immigrazioni.it
Starting from 2014 within the framework of the research activities the Annual Report on Internal Migrations is published, edited by Michele Colucci and Stefano Gallo.
Material updates are visible on the website:
www.migrazioninterne.it

Products

The line produces monographs, national and international scientific articles and an annual report on internal migration. In addition, research activities find an outlet in a variety of dissemination and training activities.

Coordinator: Stefania Pafumi

Abstract

This line of research deals with the study of the phenomena and dynamics that characterised the cultural landscapes of the ancient Mediterranean, a privileged place for interaction and contamination, for the diffusion of people, knowledge and technologies, conflicts and identities, using multi- and interdisciplinary paths.
It aims to investigate and contextualise on a local, regional or global scale, both the role of the environment and natural resources, and that of man in shaping and modifying the landscape, social and productive processes, and cultural interrelationships from antiquity to the present day, through the Middle Ages and the modern age.
Exploiting the historical-artistic and archaeological, epigraphic and palaeographical, linguistic-literary and historical-philosophical skills present in the institute and promoting their interaction with the social sciences and the most innovative technologies, the research activities include traditional themes of antiquity applied to the movable and immovable cultural heritage, The research activities include traditional themes of antiquity applied to the movable and immovable, material and immaterial cultural heritage of the Mediterranean, in a longue durée perspective and through a holistic approach that also takes into account the specificities of particular cases, in order to contribute through new readings and always possible re-readings of ancient components to a better understanding of the contemporary world.

Objective

The aim of the research line is to generate new scientific knowledge on the historical, political, socio-economic and cultural phenomena of the ancient societies of the Mediterranean basin, in order not only to improve the understanding of the civilisations that produced them, but also to make the knowledge acquired capable of concrete action on contemporary society, improving the processes of protection, management and valorisation of the cultural heritage and encouraging free access and re-use of the data produced. The aim is to use case studies selected as contexts for analysis and investigation to develop new, integrated and replicable methodologies, which, by contextualising ancient documentation, enable the study of complex ancient and modern cultural systems from a multidisciplinary perspective.

  • The transversal objectives common to the projects belonging to this line of research are:
  • the development of new models for interpreting the historical-archaeological heritage (including that preserved in museum deposits whose conditions of knowledge, conservation and valorisation need to be improved) in the various ancient and post-antique contexts.
  • the adoption of innovative and integrated information storage and management processes in terms of digital transition;
  • the application of state-of-the-art strategies for the valorisation of the heritage itself and for a more participatory and shared approach of today's citizens and communities to the contexts and contents of research on the ancient world.
  • the communication of research results through dissemination activities that may be undertaken in concert with the institute's Third Mission colleagues.

Activities

The research activities envisaged range from the collection, processing, archiving and management of historical information, to the analysis and interpretation of material documentation (understood as a coherent set of documents, both archaeological and epigraphic, grouped by origin, by theme of interest, by chronology or by collecting history) and include all possible cooperation processes, useful for generating new knowledge in the context of inter- and multidisciplinary research projects.

Themes

The themes envisaged are those of historical-archaeological research applied to the ancient Mediterranean:

  • the social history and the role of vectors of ancient cultures with particular regard to the Syrian-Anatolian, Phoenician, Etruscan-Italic and Greco-Roman cultures;
  • the material culture of ancient societies in its various forms and components;
  • the reconstruction of the ancient and post-ancient history of the recovered and museumised objects and of their different contexts of use and fruition (archaeological, collection and museum contexts);
  • the analysis of production processes (also of single aspects of material culture) and of the underlying social and economic dynamics, according to both an analytical-diachronic and a comparative approach;
  • the analysis of both documentary and literary texts (starting from the average literacy levels of ancient cultures and continuing with the first epigraphic texts and manuscripts) and iconographic texts;
  • cultural interrelations between social groups.

A natural thematic extension is represented by the analysis of the decisive processes in the formation of the historical culture of and about the Mediterranean, understood as the history of ideas and research. They therefore constitute further areas of investigation:

  • peculiar aspects and outcomes of antiquarian culture and archaeology in the Mediterranean;
  • the developments of archaeology as a historical science from the 18th century to the present day;
  • the survival of antiquity in modern and contemporary culture;
  • the tradition of antiquity through the Middle Ages and the modern age;
  • the history of collecting and collections of antiquities;
  • the history of libraries and antiquities collections;
  • the impact of Italian historical culture in the current Mediterranean and more generally in European historical culture.

Main collaborations

The research group that belongs to this line collaborates with: National Archaeological Museum of Naples and "Federico II" University of Naples; Civic Museum of Catania and Department of Humanities of the University of Catania; Museum of Egyptian Antiquities Foundation of Turin; Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa; National Institute of Etruscan and Italic Studies; University of Bologna; University of Zaragoza; Alteritas - Interaction between Peoples, Verona; Museo Nazionale Romano; SABAP Pisa; Museo Civico Archeologico di Fara in Sabina; Ente Italiano della Montagna (EIM); Società Geografica Italiana (SGI); University of Rome "La Sapienza"; Pontificia Academia Latinitatis; RESpro Association. Network of historians for production landscapes; University of Tuscia and Centro Studi Santa Rosa da Viterbo.

Main products

Monographic scientific publications; critical editions of written sources; contributions in collections and conference proceedings; contributions in specialist journals; series of publications (Corpus inscriptionum Etruscarum and Thesaurus linguae Etruscae; Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Phoenician Culture (DECF) or Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Phoenician Culture (EDPC); participation in national and international conferences; participation in the preparation of new museums and exhibitions; public engagement with society and the territory.

Coordinator: Angela Cuttitta

Abstract

The research activity aims to study the sea and biodiversity as a resource, with a view to the regeneration of coastal marine ecosystems and their sustainable use. Far from being a mere ethical and moral goal, the study of marine biodiversity has cultural, economic and social implications, and implies enhancing what can be broadly defined as "natural capital". This, like any other productive factor, is a fundamental ingredient for an economic-social system not only to grow, but to develop along a path of sustainability. In this sense, a full understanding of the interrelationship between economic activities attributable to marine resources and the study of biodiversity is an essential element in drawing up policy guidelines aimed at regulating and stimulating the economic growth of countries that derive a great deal from the sea, also through awareness raising and scientific dissemination.

Objectives

The research line aims to study the sea and marine biodiversity as a resource, the analysis of the processes that induced the transformation of natural environments and the evaluation of the effects of climate change on ecosystems, biodiversity, health and society in the Mediterranean.
The interaction between biology, oceanography, marine and molecular ecology for the analysis of the state, structure and functioning of Mediterranean marine ecosystems and changes in the biota, allow the study of the marine environment as a factor of cultural, economic and social development. In this context, the study of the sustainable management of biological resources is included with the application of methodologies developed on a morphological, biomolecular, genetic and biochemical basis for applications in the environmental, health, food, sensor and biomedical fields.

Activities

The basic activities of the research are: the design and search for partners; the involvement of the territories; the planning and implementation of in vitro and in vivo experiments; the direct and indirect sampling of organisms and environmental parameters; the study of the state and change of biodiversity in its structural components; the archiving and analysis of the data collected; the processing of the results through statistical analysis; the generation of new products, processes and services applicable in different sectors of the blue economy; the scientific dissemination of the activities carried out; the creation of networks for sharing the results obtained.

Themes

The project falls within the following themes: blue economy; marine ecology; molecular ecology; biodiversity. The sectors of the blue economy concerned are: agri-foodstuffs, human and environmental health, environmental sensing, sanitation.
The research, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, deals with a number of issues: projects and exchanges with Mediterranean countries; protection of marine resources; food security and sustainable fishing; exploitation of residues and plastics for new forms of fuel. The research also falls within the thematic area 6 "Food, bio-economy, natural resources, agriculture, environment" of the NRP 2021-2027, and in particular within sub-area 6.5 "Knowledge, technological innovation and sustainable management of marine ecosystems".

Main collaborations

In addition to a well-established interaction with other institutes of the National Research Council, the research relies on a wide relational network structured by several national and international scientific institutions, as well as numerous public administrations and stakeholders operating in the Mediterranean area. In particular:

  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations
  • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) of the United Nations
  • Columbia University (New York, Tunis)
  • Universidad de Deusto (Bilbao)
  • Instituto Espanol de Oceanografia (Malaga, Vigo, Balearic Islands)
  • ISTMT (Tunis)
  • University of Sfax (Tunis)
  • UTAP (Tunis)
  • CNRS (Lebanon)
  • University of Belgrade (Belgrade)
  • École d'Ingénieurs en informatique et prévention des risqués (Saint Barthelemy D'Anjou)
  • Shemyakin-Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry (Russian Federation)
  • Institute of Molecular Medicine (Russian Federation)
  • Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Moscow)
  • LUMSA University (Rome, Palermo)
  • Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (Milan)
  • University of Palermo (DEMS, DISTEM, STEBICEF, DiFC)
  • University of Urbino "Carlo Bo" (DiSPeA)
  • University of Florence (DISEI)
  • Superior Institute of Health
  • INGV (Pisa, Palermo)
  • ARPA Sicily
  • ISPRA
  • Italian Zoological Station Anthon Dorn

Main products

Scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals with international impact and book chapters.

Technical reports and dissemination products on CNR Edizioni and SOLAR CNR.

Scientific databases, prototypes and patents.

Participation in regional governance tables.

Development of agreements and collaborations with universities, research centres, public and private partners.

Coordinator: Rosaria Battarra

Abstract

Urban and territorial planning falls within macro-sector 08/F1 "Urban and territorial planning and design", which represents the combination of sectors: ICAR/20 "Urban planning and technology" and ICAR/21 "Urbanism".
The research line is fully in line with this field, as it is dedicated to deepening the research aspects related to the governance of urban and territorial transformations in a phase of profound rethinking of planning tools, methods and techniques. It is indeed necessary to modify the approaches and paradigms that have guided urban and territorial development up to now, in order to favour the transition towards a society that is more attentive to the use of non-renewable resources and oriented towards environmentally sustainable solutions.
If in recent decades, the principle that has guided the growth of contemporary urban systems has been above all competitiveness, in order to win the challenges of globalisation, even at the expense of protecting the identity of places and sustainable development, today, due to a growing and global economic crisis, the high consumption of territorial resources, and the current pandemic, cities must review their agendas to promote strategies of innovative adaptation to continuous emergencies.
A necessary condition is that the transformations of the built environment reflect not only political, economic and cultural changes, but also people's everyday experience of urban space.
In continuity with these concepts, important references are the New Urban Agenda, which represents a shared vision for a better and more sustainable future, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and national and European cooperation policies within the Mediterranean basin.
The research will focus on the Mediterranean settlement systems, as a specific macro-area of attention for ISMed. In particular, the following will be studied: urban and metropolitan systems, historical centres, suburbs, public spaces, abandoned areas.

Objectives

The objectives of the research line are

  1. to analyse and deepen the most recent and innovative trends in the field of spatial and urban planning in a local and international perspective;
  2. to deepen the evolution of methodologies, techniques and processes that make planning a relevant tool in the preparation and implementation of actions of adaptation and mitigation of risks;
  3. to identify and design factors and connections that determine the quality of life, liveability and health of anthropised environments.

These objectives constitute a non-exhaustive reference basis. They can be extended and integrated.

Activities

The multiple research activities can be summarised as the need to deepen methodologies and methods for the protection, development and transformation of the city, the territory and their cultural heritage in a way that is compatible with the current and future needs of environmental and social sustainability, within a holistic vision of the territory.

This implies a specific focus on the study of current trends, the development of tools for the mitigation of natural and anthropic risks, in-depth study of the role of information and communication technologies, and the identification of national and international best practices. New approaches to design and planning aimed at urban and territorial regeneration and the enhancement of cultural resources can be derived from them in order to improve the levels of environmental sustainability, urban quality and social inclusion.

Themes

The themes of the research project have as their common denominator sustainability in its triple meaning and a holistic approach. They concern

  • theories, methods, techniques and tools for the analysis, programming, planning, design and management of interventions for the transformation of the environment, landscape, urban and territorial systems, organisational structures and morphologies of human settlements;
  • theories, methodologies and tools for the analysis and design of healthy and liveable urban environments;
  • analysis, evaluation and design of human settlement in relation to its historical development, social and economic situation, landscape reality, environmental context, cultural heritage and natural and anthropogenic risk factors;
  • issues related to territorial governance and strategic assessments;
  • methods, tools and practices of physical planning and design aimed at the recovery, redevelopment and sustainable and resilient regeneration of settlements at different scales;
  • integration between urban and spatial planning and mitigation and adaptation measures to cope with the impacts of climate change.
  • ICT and cities: new solutions for inclusive and sustainable cities

Main collaborations

  • Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering of the University of Naples Federico II
  • Department of Architecture of the University of Naples Federico II
  • Department of Engineering of the University of Sannio
  • INU - National Institute of Urban Planning
  • SIU - Italian Society of Town Planners
  • EURA - European Urban Research Association
  • Local authorities (Municipalities, Region, Metropolitan City)

Main results and collective products

  • Scientific monographs and publications in journals, volumes and conference proceedings with national and international impact
  • Research projects
  • Scientific collaborations with local authorities and subjects operating in the field of research, higher education, culture and territorial planning
  • Organisation of scientific and cultural events

Coordinator: Luisa Errichiello

Abstract

Over the last few decades, computerisation and the development of digital technologies have created increasing opportunities for business innovation, allowing process optimisation, customisation of products and services, and organisational flexibility. A central aspect of the digitisation and digital transformation processes concerns the changes in work organisation and the growing adoption of models, such as remote working, smart working and virtual teams, based on space-time flexibility criteria.
The research line is part of the current scientific debate focused on the need for companies to reach a certain degree of digital maturity, questioning the trajectories of adoption and development of digital technologies and the mechanisms through which they allow to sustainably redefine strategies, redesign the organisation, rethink business models, creating more value within global ecosystems and value chains. Focusing on the Mediterranean countries, the research line aims at elaborating theoretical models and interpretative keys of the digital maturity and innovation differentials of the enterprises of the different countries and regions of the area and at elaborating guidelines and policy measures oriented to reduce the existing gaps, supporting adaptation, resilience and dynamic capacity building.

Objectives

The research line aims to expand the current state of knowledge on the processes of digitisation and digital transformation of enterprises, analysing how the adoption of one or more digital technologies, such as mobile and social, cloud computing, platforms, virtual reality and artificial intelligence influences business strategy and the dynamics of organisational change. Indeed, companies aiming for digital transformation need to innovate, acquiring and developing new resources and capabilities, redesigning structures and processes, adopting agile and virtual working models, but also to integrate what is new with existing resources, processes and capabilities. The specific objectives of the line include understanding the factors that foster the transition towards increasing levels of digital maturity; the impact of digitisation on business performance and differentials between firms in different areas, regions and countries; the mechanisms through which firms can acquire specific digital resources and develop new individual competencies and organisational capabilities; the principles of agile organisational structure design; and managerial solutions to the trade-offs generated by the adoption of digital and remote working models in terms of operational flexibility and control and efficiency requirements. In this regard, particular attention will be given to smart working and the various forms of flexible and remote working enabled by ICT. Their adoption, due to the effect of distance, triggers a profound transformation of relational structures and organisational practices and has strong psychological, social and environmental implications. Moreover, such innovations may come up against cultural barriers and the difficulty in abandoning traditional managerial models based on physical visibility. Finally, the interest in understanding to what extent and through which strategic and organisational levers the innovation trajectories enabled by digital technologies are guided by principles of business ethics and oriented towards the achievement of environmental and social, as well as economic, sustainability goals, is transversal to the various researches.

Activities

The complex nature of the phenomena of digitalisation and digital transformation, which affect strategy, organisation, information systems, supply chains and marketing, requires the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach and makes use of the contribution of multiple bodies of knowledge, such as philosophy and sociology, placed in dialogue with business sciences. Research activities mainly consist of theoretical studies, construction of databases, design and implementation of qualitative and quantitative empirical investigations using social research methods, including case studies, interviews, surveys, observation and documentary analysis. Research activities examine the strategies, processes and effects produced by one or more aspects of digital transformation at individual, organisational and network levels. Indeed, emerging digital infrastructures are open, flexible and malleable, and many technologies produce changes that transcend the boundaries of the individual firm or sector, involving broader ecosystems. However, the privileged analytical perspective will focus on analysing the specific attitudes, experiences and processes of technology appropriation by workers and managers, and the effects of their use on organisational routines and various performance measures.

The activities carried out under the line will be valorised through participation in international and national scientific conferences and publication of the main results in specialised journals and volumes. Dissemination and scientific dissemination activities will be carried out mainly through the organisation of and participation in seminars, workshops and training days addressed to a wide range of stakeholders, including managers, entrepreneurs, professionals, company employees, consultants, policy makers, institutional representatives and associations. Finally, the research team will be constantly engaged in identifying funding opportunities for specific research activities and in strengthening and expanding the network of collaboration with Italian and foreign universities and research centres, as well as with companies, associations, institutions, public and private bodies.

Themes

The project is divided into the following research themes:

  1. Digital innovation strategies, new business models and value creation of enterprises;
  2. Impact of digital technologies on organisational processes;
  3. Flexible and remote working models enabled by ICT;
  4. Organisational design of physical and virtual workplaces;
  5. New technologies, identity processes and digital well-being;
  6. Digital technologies, innovation and sustainable business development
  7. Digital maturity and socio-economic development of regions and countries

Main collaborations

Among the various active collaborations, of particular relevance is the participation of the research team in the Research Group on Collaborative Spaces (RCGS), an independent and international network of researchers in the humanities and social sciences, representatives of the operational world and activists, focused on new work practices and workplace transformations in the context of the sharing economy. Members of the network are collectively engaged in sharing research but also in making an impact on society and organisations, through the production of articles, reports and research notes, white papers, and the organisation of an annual symposium.

Main products

Scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals with international impact. Technical reports and dissemination products. Scientific databases. Chapters in books. Development of agreements and collaborations with universities, research centres, public and private

Coordinators: Piera Buonincontri and Roberto Micera

Abstract

The research line intends to promote the advancement of knowledge on the theme of tourism as a key sector of the Mediterranean economy, which is particularly interesting due to the intrinsic systemic nature of this sector, its organisational complexity and its interdependencies with the entire economic system.
The numerous countries bordering the Mediterranean have very different economic, social, cultural and political characteristics. These countries are at different stages of economic development and are facing the main challenges of the current era in different ways, first and foremost those concerning technological progress and sustainable development. In such a context, studying the phenomenon of tourism by considering the Mediterranean region as an integrated destination makes it possible to develop effective strategies aimed at linking even very different areas so that they can mutually reinforce each other and promote a more balanced growth of the entire basin.
The tourism sector, if properly structured and managed, can play a fundamental role in launching development strategies that are consistent with the identities of the territories and have a positive impact on the economy, culture and society of all the Mediterranean countries and islands.

Objectives

The research line focuses on the study of new trends related to tourism economics and management in order to develop a knowledge base useful both for individual organisations operating in tourism and for policy makers, who are called to face the numerous challenges of the competitive environment. Through its studies on the sector, ISMed intends to become a point of reference for the scientific community interested in tourism research in the Mediterranean.
The research line aims at investigating innovative management models of tourism enterprises, networks and destinations.
In addition, particular attention is devoted to the study of experiential marketing in tourism, with the aim of understanding the active role of consumers in the decision-making and development processes of organisations and to examine how new technologies can foster the use and enhancement of tourist attractions and cultural resources.

Activities

From a methodological point of view, a multidisciplinary approach implicit in the nature of tourism studies is favoured. The objectives of the research line are pursued through theoretical studies and empirical analyses that integrate the demand and supply side perspectives.
Specifically, the research activities foreseen are: study of the literature on specific topics concerning the tourism and cultural heritage sector; realisation of literature reviews, in order to identify the main strands, trends and emerging topics; collection, processing and analysis of empirical data, both through desk and field surveys; interpretation and study of the empirical analyses; reading of the empirical analyses through conceptual models and theories present in the literature, in order to identify the most innovative aspects emerging from the study of reality and the main characteristics of the object of study.

Themes

The themes currently addressed by the line of research are multiple, as there are many aspects connected to the economics and management of tourism: the role of new technologies in favouring the use, promotion and management of tourism and cultural products/services; the tourism experience and the processes of value co-creation generated by the interaction between tourists and the tourism and cultural offer system; the dynamics characterising destination management through the adoption of an inclusive and participatory approach able to guarantee "smart and sustainable" development (smart tourism destination and destination sustanability); innovative aspects for the sustainable development of a destination (the role of tourists, the local community and operators); the sharing economy as an opportunity for the growth of tourism organisations through the collaborative economy and the use of new technologies; crisis and disaster management strategies for the relaunch of destinations affected by the COVID-19 pandemic; the impacts of tourism on local economies; the role of cultural tourism on local development; events as marketing tools for the enhancement of tourism destinations.

Main collaborations

The research group collaborates on an ongoing basis with research groups of academic experts in tourism and destination management and with supranational, national and local trade associations and public bodies in the tourism sector. Formalised collaboration agreements for research and third mission activities include those with the Società Italiana Scienze del Turismo (Sistur), the Fondazione ITS BACT - ITS del turismo e dei beni culturali della Campania, the Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca Laboratorio di Urbanistica e Pianificazione territoriale "Raffaele d'Ambrosio" and the DMO Mediterranean Pearls.

Main collective research products

The annual report "Tourism Studies on the Mediterranean Region" published by McGraw Hill aims to outline an updated picture of the state of the art of tourism studies in the Mediterranean basin. The volumes in the series propose new models, methodologies and analysis tools, providing innovative guidelines that are useful for tackling the challenges faced by Mediterranean countries and rebalancing the economic, social and cultural gaps that persist between the countries on the north and south sides of the area. This represents the "first step" towards the realisation of a real Observatory on tourism in the Mediterranean countries.