History of migration


The framework within which the research activity is proposed is oriented towards convergence in an integrated perspective of the study of different migratory phenomena, with particular attention to the contemporary age. A consolidated and rich tradition of studies has developed in the last 20 years research paths that have opened multiple and articulated potentials in the meeting between research on population mobility and the study of the transformations that over time have represented both the cause and the consequence of migration. Deepening the historical dimension of migratory phenomena allows us to return with greater depth the way in which societies have been invested by the impact of territorial mobility.

The space on which the research activity is concentrated is that of the Mediterranean basin, with particular attention to the role of Italy, both in the pre-unification and post-unification phases, considered as a place of departure, arrival, transit, return of migratory experiences. The migratory phenomena that are most taken into account are:

    the flows coming from the Mediterranean and directed towards continental Europe and transoceanic destinations, considering the great migrations of the late modern age, the season of colonialism, the mass migrations of the contemporary age
    flows within the Mediterranean area, both within regions and states and as a result of movement from the south to the north of the Mediterranean or between neighbouring countries
    immigration from outside the Mediterranean, with particular attention to the migratory phenomena that developed in the period from the end of the Second World War to the present day
    return migration, conceived in its broadest sense and therefore not as mere return to the country but as real migration experiences

From the point of view of migration, the case study of the Mediterranean countries (both north and south) is extremely rich in ideas and perspectives, especially in the years from the mid-twentieth century to the present, because in countries like Italy but also like Spain, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Turkey coexist and stratify simultaneously migration, immigration, internal migration and return migration. Within the deepening of the different migratory flows, the dynamics related to the impact of migration from the point of view of policies and the labour market are particularly highlighted.

The concrete developments of the research activity are directed towards six fundamental directions:

    publication of scientific articles and monographs
    organisation of national and international seminars, conferences and study days
    publication of the Annual Report on Internal Migration
    organisation of training meetings dedicated to the world of social workers and public officials
    organization of dissemination and dissemination activities on the territory in the field of education, museum, exhibition
    presentations of university and media activities

All the proposed initiatives have already been launched on the occasion of the participation of the Issm CNR in the Firb Miur Programme "Mediterranean Borders" funded for the period 2013-2016.